The composition of golf balls affects how they perform and consequently, how a golfer performs on the fairways. All balls have one shape: spherical, with one size-1.68 inches in diameter. They all have dimples on the outer covering, which are very important to ball flight. In theory, the more dimples on the outer covering, the faster the ball flies and covers longer distances compared to a smooth ball. Most balls have dimples of anywhere from 350 to 450. USGA regulations set a limit on the number of dimples on the balls. Anything beyond 500 is no longer certified for the golf sport. The difference lies inside.
That is, the number of layers that compose a golf ball determines how it performs. There are 3 types of ball composition available in the market. There is a 2-piece golf ball, a 3- piece and a dimple-covered shell. There is also the simplest 1-piece and the more advanced 5-piece ball.
The layers are crucial to the qualities of golf balls. The inner layers affect power and distance. Some of these have special materials and designs in order to reduce the spins to allow longer shots. The outer cover can also be designed to increase spins for shorter shots.
The 1-piece Ball
These balls have only one layer: that is, the inner material is the same as the outer. This type is the least expensive with the poorest performance rating. It does not offer much, except for use as practice balls. This may be the simplest in design but the materials used are still of very high durability. This is most recommended when practicing swings and stance or for warming up before a game. However, it is not a good type to use for an actual game because it does not offer much in terms of distance or performance.
The Two-Piece Ball
This is the most common and most popular type of ball composition. This type accounts for about 70% of yearly sales of golf balls.
The name refers to the 2 layers that form the ball. There is an inner layer of rubber and an outer layer of plastic. These are very durable. They also soar for a good distance. However, they are not the best balls for spins or achieving excellent performance.
The construction and design are very simple compared to other types of balls. This ball is easy to compress and drive which makes it perfect for golfers with low to medium handicap. This is also most recommended for amateur golfers.
The 3-Piece Ball
The 3-piece ball is most recommended for those who consistently shoot at least 90. The core is composed of gel material and then covered with rubber threads that are tightly wound. The outermost material is made of hard plastic.
These are also more expensive among the different types of golf balls. They give better performance compared to other types in terms of accuracy, control, distance, and spin. The 3-piece ball is more difficult to compress compared to other types. For golfers with high swing speeds, this is the optimum ball type because it will provide the most distance.
This type is most commonly used by “tour” players and golfers with a low handicap. The ball has a good spin because the outer cover is very thin.
The 5-Piece Ball
The 5-piece ball is a recent introduction. The layers are designed to improve the qualities for feel, distance and spin.
It is very important to consider the type of golf balls to use in playing golf. It determines ball distance and loft as well as control of the shots. These should match the purpose of the shots and the types of swings in order to maximize efforts for an optimum game performance.